Author Archives: A. N. Honniball

Consultation: EU Arctic Policy

The European Commission and the European External Action Service are undertaking a consultation to assess the relevance and completeness of the current focus areas of the EU’s An integrated European Union policy for the Arctic. Stakeholder contributions are welcome until 10 November 2020.

For more information see here, and participate here.

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Consultation: EU International Ocean Governance Agenda

The European Commission and the European External Action Service are currently undertaking a targeted consultation to assess the development needs and options of the EU’s International ocean governance: an agenda for the future of our oceans. Stakeholder contributions are welcome until 15 October 2020.

For more information see here, and participate here.

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Virtual Event: CIMSEC Forum for Authors and Readers

The Center for International Maritime Security (CIMSEC) shall host its sixth annual CIMSEC Forum for Authors and Readers (CFAR), on the 27 August 2020 from 18:00 (EST). Nominations for speakers are accepted until 23 July 2020.

For more information see here.

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Virtual Event: Law-making in the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law

The International Foundation for the Law of the Sea (IFLOS) shall host a virtual event, entitled, Law-making in the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law, on the 13 August 2020, from 09:00 (CEST).

For more information and registration see here.

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Webinars: Tenth Annual South China Sea Conference

The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) shall host a monthly webinar series, entitled, Tenth Annual South China Sea Conference, the Keynote and Session One being held 14 July 2020.

For more information see here, and registration for Keynote and Session One here.

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Webinar: Supporting IMO’s GHG Reduction Strategy

The Global MTCC Network (GMN) shall host a webinar, entitled, Supporting IMO’s GHG Reduction Strategy in the developing world, including an Asia and Pacific Session (15 Jul 2020, from 08:00 BST) and an Africa and Caribbean Session (16 Jul 2020, from 16:00 BST).

For more information and registration see here and here.

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Webinar: State of Maritime Piracy 2019

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime’s Global Maritime Crime Programme and Stable Seas shall host a webinar, entitled, State of Maritime Piracy 2019, 14 July 2020 from 15:00 (BST).

For more information and registration see here.

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Webinars: Virtual Dialogues on the Path to COFI 34

In light of the thirty-fourth session of the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI) being postponed, the FAO will host a series of webinars, entitled, Virtual Dialogues on the Path to COFI 34, 14-16 July 2020. Various sessions will examine fisheries and aquaculture governance and development.

For more information and registration see here.

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PCA: The ‘Enrica Lexie’ Incident (Italy v. India) Award

On the 2 July 2020 the Arbitral Tribunal (UNCLOS, Annex VII) in respect of the ‘Enrica Lexie’ Incident (Italy v. India), PCA Case No. 2015-28, issued its Award. In accordance with the Rules of Procedure (art. 23(5)), as amended by Procedural Order No. 7, the full (redacted) Award will be published following the Parties’ confidentiality review. An Award – Extracts for Advance Publication is available, containing the operative part of the Award (para. 1094). As an edited summary:

A. In relation to jurisdiction and admissibility
1. Finds (4-1 votes) there is a dispute concerning the interpretation or application of UNCLOS;
2. Finds (4-1 votes) the Arbitral Tribunal has jurisdiction over the dispute, subject to its decision on India’s Submission (1.a);
3. Finds (unanimously) India’s counter-claims are admissible;
4. Finds (3-2 votes) in respect of Italy’s Submission (2)(f), that UNCLOS arts. 2(3), 56(2) and 58(2) are not applicable;
5. Finds (3-2 votes) it has jurisdiction concerning the Marines’ immunity;
6. Finds (unanimously), concerning India’s submission (1.a), it’s unnecessary to determine the compatibility of India’s 1976 Maritime Zone Act and its 1981 Notification with UNCLOS.

B. In relation to the merits of the dispute between the Parties
1. Finds (unanimously), concerning Italy’s Submission (2)(b)-(e) and (g):

a. India did not breach UNCLOS art. 87(1)(a);
b. India did not violate UNCLOS art. 92(1);
c. UNCLOS arts. 97(1) and 97(3) are not applicable;
d. India did not violated UNCLOS art. 100 and art. 300 cannot be invoked;

2. Decides (3-2 votes), concerning Italy’s Submission (2)(f), the Marines are entitled to immunity and India is precluded from exercising jurisdiction thereof;
3. Decides (3-2 votes) concerning Italy’s Submission (3)(a) and (c), India must cease exercising criminal jurisdiction over the Marines and no other remedies are required;
4. Finds, concerning India’s Submissions (4), (5), and (7):

a. (3-2 votes) Italy did not violate UNCLOS art. 56;
b. (3-2 votes) Italy did not violated UNCLOS art. 58(3);
c. (unanimously) Italy did not infringed UNCLOS art. 88;

5. Finds (unanimously) concerning India’s Submission (6), Italy’s interference with the navigation of the “St. Antony” breached UNCLOS arts. 87(1)(a) and 90;
6. Decides (unanimously) concerning India’s Submission (8):

a. A finding that Italy breached UNCLOS arts. 87(1)(a) and 90 constitutes adequate satisfaction for India’s non-material interests;
b. India is entitled to compensation in connection with the loss of life, physical harm, material damage to property and moral harm suffered, which cannot be made good through restitution;
c. Parties are invited to consult on the quantification of compensation;
d. The Arbitral Tribunal retains jurisdiction should either Party or both Parties wish to apply for a ruling on the quantification of compensation, subject to the closure of proceedings should no application be received within one year.

C. In relation to the costs of these proceedings
Decides each Party shall bear its own costs.

For further information see the full unedited Award – Extracts for Advance Publication and previous reports.

Update (03/07/2020): For further information see India’s MEA Press Release and Italy’s MFAIC Press Release.

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Webinar: Eliminating Harmful Fisheries Subsidies

The Friends of Ocean Action shall host a webinar, entitled, Eliminating Harmful Fisheries Subsidies, 30 June 2020 from 16:00 CEST. This follows the chair of the Negotiating Group on Rules sharing a draft consolidated text on 25 June 2020.

For more information and registration see here.

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ICJ: Amendments to the Rules of Court

On 25 June 2020 the International Court of Justice (ICJ) amended the Rules of Court, adding a new Article 59(2) and amending Article 94(2):

Article 59

1. The hearing in Court shall be public, unless the Court shall decide otherwise, or unless the parties demand that the public be not admitted. Such a decision or demand may concern either the whole or part of the hearing, and may be made at any time.

2. The Court may decide, for health, security or other compelling reasons, to hold a hearing entirely or in part by video link. The parties shall be consulted on the organization of such a hearing.

Article 94

1. When the Court has completed its deliberations and adopted its judgment, the parties shall be notified of the date on which it will be read.

2. The judgment shall be read at a public sitting of the Court. The Court may decide, for health, security or other compelling reasons, that the judgment shall be read at a sitting of the Court accessible to the parties and the public by video link. The judgment shall become binding on the parties on the day of the reading.

The amendments entered into force 25 June 2020. Thus, the public hearing on the question of the ICJ’s jurisdiction in the case concerning the Arbitral Award of 3 October 1899 (Guyana v. Venezuela)scheduled for 30 June 2020, will be via videoconference. The representatives of Guyana will address the Court by video link and the public may follow via a live webcast. This dispute extends to a law of the sea dispute, as evident in Guyana’s Application instituting proceedings (paras. 53, 55).

For more information see Press Releases No. 2020/16 and No. 2020/17.

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Vacancy: PhD Studentship at Coventry University

The Centre for Trust, Peace, and Social Relations (CTPSR) at Coventry University is seeking a PhD candidate to study the topic, Pandemics as a non-traditional maritime security challenge – exploring the impact of COVID-19 on maritime trade and border management. Applications are welcome until 20 July 2020.

For more information see here.

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Somalia: Statement on Significant Illegal Fishing in Somalia’s EEZ

On 24 June 2020 the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources of the Federal Republic of Somalia (2) issued a press release, entitled, Iranian flagged fishing vessels identified operating illegally in Somalian EEZ. Somalia calls upon Iran to cooperate in addressing the suspected (at least) 112-193 Iranian fishing vessels operating in the EEZ of Somalia and Yemen between January 2019 to 14 April 2020. The information has been shared with the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC). Foreign flagged vessels may only fish in the Somalian exclusive economic zone beyond 24 nautical miles, and currently only 31 Chinese-flagged vessels are licenced.

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Call for Posts: Ocean Governance

The Center for International Maritime Security and Stable Seas are seeking posts for their online symposium, entitled, Ocean Governance. Submissions are welcome until 13 July 2020. This call forms part of the wider Project Trident.

For more information see the call for posts.

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Singapore/ITLOS: Model Agreement for the Provision of Facilities to ITLOS

On the 11 June 2020 Singapore and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) signed the Model Agreement: Agreement for the provision of facilities for the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea / a Chamber of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to sit or otherwise exercise its functions in the Republic of Singapore in [case name]. The Model Agreement establishes the terms and conditions under which the Singapore government shall provide appropriate facilities for the Tribunal, or a Chamber of the Tribunal, to sit or otherwise exercise its functions in Singapore (art. 2).

The Model Agreement enables ITLOS to implement Article 1(3) of UNCLOS Annex VI, whereby the Tribunal may sit and exercise its functions outside of Hamburg (Germany) whenever it considers this desirable. Consultations concerning Singapore as a seat for the Tribunal began in 2007, resulting in the 2015 Joint Declaration Signed between Ministry of Law and President of the Tribunal (2). Negotiations on the terms of the Model Agreement, as per Article 7 of the Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, concluded in October 2019.

For more information see the Model Agreement, the Model Annex and the Joint Press Release (ITLOS/Press 239); Joint Press Release (ITLOS/Press 303).

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Webinar: How to Control the Fishermen – ​​​​​​​Out of Sea, Out of Sight?

Rud Pedersen Public Affairs is hosting a virtual event series entitled The Blue Deal Debates. The fifth webinar, entitled,  How to Control the Fishermen – ​​​​​​​Out of Sea, Out of Sight?, will be held on the 9 June 2020 from 13:00 (CET).

For more information and registration see here.

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Essay Competition: Space for Youth

The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) and the Space Generation Advisory Council (SGAC) welcome essay submissions to their Space for Youth Competition, this year’s topic being, Space as a tool to address climate challenges: examples from local communities. Submissions are welcome until 21 June 2020.

For more information see here.

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Webinar: What solutions to fight plastic pollution in the ocean?

The Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) shall host a webinar, entitled, What solutions to fight plastic pollution in the ocean?, 8 June 2020 from 14:30 (CEST). This webinar will build on IDDRI’s recent report, Combatting marine plastic litter: state of play and perspectives (June 2020).

For more information see here.

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Essay Competition: Future Maritime Leaders 2020

The Global Maritime Forum welcomes submissions for its Future Maritime Leaders essay competition, addressing the question, Over the next decade, how can the maritime sector continue to contribute to realizing the Sustainable Development Goals? Submissions are welcome until 21 June 2020.

For more information see here.

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Webinar: Covid-Piracy, Coastal Communities, Needed Responses

The Centre for Maritime Law and Security Africa shall host a webinar, entitled, Gulf of Guinea Oceans Governance Dialogue: Covid-Piracy, Coastal Communities, Needed Responses, 8 June 2020 from 14:00 (GMT).

For more information see here.

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Webinar: The State of the World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2020

The UN Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) shall host a webinar, entitled, Launch of The State of the World Fisheries and Aquaculture (SOFIA) 2020, 8 June 2020 from 13:00 (CET).

For more information see here. Previous SOFIA reports may be found here.

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Virtual Event: EarthxOcean

EarthX shall host a virtual event, entitled, EarthxOcean, 9-11 June 2020 from 13:00 (CDT). Sessions include High Seas Initiative, Coral Reef Restoration, Ocean Plastic Solutions and Sustainable Fisheries.

For more information see here.

 

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Virtual Event: Innovation for a Sustainable Ocean

The official UN World Oceans Day 2020 virtual event, entitled, Innovation for a Sustainable Ocean, will take place 8 June 2020, from 10:00 (EDT).

For more information see here.

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Webinar: Closed Ports, Dubious Partners

Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung shall host a webinar, entitled, Closed Ports, Dubious Partners: The EU’s Policy of Outsourcing Responsibility in the Mediterranean, 2 June 2020 at 19:00 (CET). Discussion will focus on the recent publication (May 2020) of the same name.

For more information see here.

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PCA: Dispute Concerning the Detention of Ukrainian Naval Vessels and Servicemen (Ukraine v. Russia)

On the 22 May 2020 Ukraine submitted its written memorial to the Arbitral Tribunal (UNCLOS, Annex VII) in respect of the Dispute Concerning the Detention of Ukrainian Naval Vessels and Servicemen (Ukraine v. the Russian Federation), PCA Case No. 2019-28. According to Procedural Order No. 1 (22 November 2019), the Russian Federation shall submit its written memorial within 6 months (para. 4), or preliminary objections within 3 months (para 5; Rules of Procedure (22 November 2019), art. 11). Any preliminary objections that ‘possess an exclusively preliminary character’ are to be examined in a preliminary phase prior to the merits of the case.

On the 26 May 2020 the Russian MFA commented on Ukraine’s submission. The Russian MFA suggests that Ukraine’s written memorial has “reduced the list of its [Ukraine’s] initial claims”. There is also a suggestion that Russia will exercise its right to submit preliminary objections:

Next, Russia will have to file its jurisdictional objections regarding this case by August 22, 2020 under the relevant rules of procedure.

For more information see PCA Case No. 2019-28, as well as the related provisional measures case, ITLOS Case No. 26. For previous DeMaribus reports, see here.

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Virtual Annual Meeting: The Promise of International Law

The American Society of International law shall host its first-ever Virtual Annual Meeting, themed, The Promise of International Law, 25-26 June 2020. Of particular note to law of the sea scholars is the Energy, Environment, Sea, & Space track, as well as the Annual Manley O. Hudson Medal Luncheon, with this year’s recipient being Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Wolfrum.

For more information see here.

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Webinar: COVID-19 and Shipping – Maritime Law and Policy Highlights

WMU shall host a WMU Alumni Webinar, entitled, COVID-19 and Shipping: Maritime Law and Policy Highlights, 29 May 2020 at 14:00 (CEST). This webinar is open to all.

For more information see here.

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Webinar: Arbitration as an Effective Remedy for Human Rights Abuses at Sea

Human Rights at Sea and Shearman & Sterling LLP shall host a webinar, entitled, Arbitration as an Effective Remedy for Human Rights Abuses at Sea, 24 June 2020 at 15:00 (CEST). The event will discuss the recently released white paper, Arbitration as an Effective Remedy for Human Rights Abuses at Sea (24 March 2020).

For more information see here.

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Webinar: Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea

Stable Seas shall host a webinar, entitled, Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea, 28 May 2020 at 15:30 (GMT). The event will discuss the recently published report, Stable Seas: Gulf of Guinea (16 Apr 2020).

For more information and registration see here.

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Webinars: Risk Intelligence 2020

Risk Intelligence shall host a series of webinars, entitled, Risk Intelligence Webinars 2020, 26 May – 30 June 2020 at 10:00 (CEST). The next webinar is entitled Stowaways: Port Weaknesses Identified.

For more information and registration see here.

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Vacancy: Black Sea Young Ambassadors

Black Sea CONNECT is currently looking for Black Sea Young Ambassadors that will advocate for blue growth in the Black Sea and promote the goals of the project’s Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA). Applications are welcome until 31 May 2020.

For more information see here.

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Webinar: Environmental Security – Sea Level Rise and Sovereignty Boundaries Issues due to Climate Change Impacts

The Archipelagic & Island States Forum and the Center for Security and International Studies (Padjadjaran University) shall host a webinar, entitled, Environmental Security: Sea Level Rise and Sovereignty Boundaries Issues due to Climate Change Impacts, 3 June 2020 at 14.00 (ICT).

For more information see here.

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Webinar: Covid-19 and International Shipping

The Centre for International Law (CIL) at the National University of Singapore shall host a webinar, entitled, Covid-19 and International Shipping, 3 June 2020, 16:00 (SGT).

For more information and registration see here.

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Vacancy: Knowledge Exchange Associate at University of Strathclyde

The One Ocean Hub at the University of Strathclyde (Glasgow, UK) is currently seeking a Knowledge Exchange Associate, with applications welcome until 26 May 2020.

For more information see here.

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Webinar: Do we have the right data for fighting maritime piracy?

SafeSeas and Stable Seas shall host a webinar, entitled,  Do we have the right data for fighting maritime piracy?, 9 June 2020 at 15.00 (BST). This event accompanies the release of their report, What We Know About Piracy.

For more information and registration see here. (update here).

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Webinars: Global Ocean Series

The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Of UNESCO shall host a series of 4 webinars, entitled, Global Ocean Series, 20-21 May 2020 and 10-11 June 2020. These four webinars will explore the question of how scaling between local management and large marine ecosystems (LMEs) connects to the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development.

For more information and registration see here.

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Webinar: Keeping the Momentum for Ocean Action – Private Sector

The UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, UN Global Compact and the United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service shall host a webinar, entitled, Keeping the Momentum for Ocean Action: Private Sector Participation and Engagement, 21 May 2020 at 09:00 (EDT). Registration is open until 18 May 2020 at 17:00 (EDT).

For more information and registration, see here and the flyer.

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Vacancy: Law Clerk at Oceana

Oceana seeks a Law Clerk to assist the Legal Department, based in Washington D.C (USA). This position is designed for a current law school student in their 2L or 3L year of a J.D. degree or a lawyer pursuing an LL.M. degree. Applications are welcome until 29 May 2020.

For more information see here.

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Webinar: Sustainable Ocean Business and the 2030 Agenda

The UN Global Compact shall host a webinar, entitled, Online High Level Meeting on Sustainable Ocean Business and the 2030 Agenda, 2 June 2020 at 14:00 (GMT). The meeting will be informed by the UN Global Compact’s upcoming report, entitled, Ocean Stewardship 2030, which shall be released 26 May 2020.

For more information see the agenda and registration here.

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Unite Ideas: Reboot the Ocean Challenge

Unite Ideas (a United Nations platform) shall host a global hackathon, entitled, Reboot The Ocean, welcoming submissions on 5 critical challenges identified for a healthy and productive ocean by 2030: (1) Sustainable seafood; (2) Set sail for decarbonized shipping; (3) Harnessing ocean electricity; (4) Mapping the ocean; and (5) End waste entering the ocean. Submissions are welcome until 20th May 2020.

For more information see here.

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Webinar: Briefing on the new UN Ocean Treaty

The International Union of Marine Insurance shall host a webinar, entitled, Briefing on the new UN Ocean Treaty: Biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ), on 19 May 2020, at 09:00 (CEST) or 20:00 (CEST).

For more information and to register for either session see here.

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Webinar: Threats to Critical Global Ocean Supply Chains – Shipping During COVID-19

The UN Global Compact Academy shall host a webinar, entitled, Threats to Critical Global Ocean Supply Chains: Shipping During COVID-19, 14 May 2020 at 10:00 (ET).

For more information and registration see here.

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Call for Abstracts: International Law and Marine Bioprospecting in a Nordic Context

The Department of Law at the University of Gothenburg, the Law of the Sea Institute of Iceland and the the Norwegian Centre for the Law of the Sea shall host a conference, entitled, International Law and Marine Bioprospecting in a Nordic Context, 12-13 October 2020 at the University of Gothenburg (Gothenburg, Sweden) and/or online. Abstracts are welcome until 15 June 2020.

For more information see here.

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Webinar: Security and Maritime Conflicts in the South China Sea

The Middle East Institute (National University of Singapore) shall host a webinar, entitled, Security and Maritime Conflicts in the South China Sea, on 19 May 2020 at 15.00 (SGT).

For more information see here.

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Webinar: Fuel Quality – Now and Tomorrow Amid Covid-19

SGS Inspire shall host a webinar, entitled, Fuel Quality: Now and Tomorrow Amid Covid-19, on 13 May 2020 at 08:30 (CEST/UTC+2h) and on 15 May 2020 at 09:00 (EDT/UTC -4h).

For more information see session 1 and session 2.

 

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Vacancy: Postdoctoral Research Assistant at the University of Dundee

Applications are invited for a part-time Postdoctoral Research Assistant in the interdisciplinary 3 year research project ‘Risk Aware Port Inspection Drones’ (RAPID). The researcher will assist Dr Jacques Hartman, Reader in Law at Dundee Law School, in his role as Co-Investigator in the RAPID project. Applications are welcome until 31 May 2020.

For more information see here.

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Vacancy: Fisheries Management Adviser at FFA

The Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) is advertising for two full-time Fisheries Management Advisers, to be based in Honiara (Solomon Islands). Applications close 20 May 2020 at 7pm AEST.

For more information see here.

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Call for Papers: CMI Young Persons’ Essay Prize

The Comité Maritime International (CMI) invites submissions for the 2020 Young Persons’ Essay Prize for original unpublished writing in the field of maritime law. Submissions are welcome until 30 May 2020.

For more information see the Flier, CMI Essay Prize Rules and the changes in rules due to Covid-19.

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Agreement on Control Measures for Shared Pelagic Stocks in the North-East Atlantic for 2020

On 22 April 2020, the European Union, Norway and the Faroe Islands signed the Agreed Record of Conclusions of Fisheries Consultations Between Norway, The European Union and The Faroe Islands on Control Measures for Pelagic Stocks in the North-East Atlantic for 2020. According to paragraph 5, the agreed monitoring, control and surveillance measures found in Annexes I-V shall apply to “mackerel, herring, blue whiting and horse mackerel”. Annex VI establishes the Coastal States Monitoring, Control and Surveillance Working Group which aims to “establish best practice[s] in monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS) both at sea and on land, and recommend harmonised MCS measures”.

For further information see the Agreed record of conclusions on control measures for pelagic stocks in the North-East Atlantic for 2020 and the EU press release.

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CLCS: Vietnam and China Communications on Malaysia’s Partial Submission

April 2020 witnessed 3 further communications being submitted to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) concerning the Partial Submission by Malaysia in the South China Sea. On the 10 April 2020 Vietnam submitted Communication dated 10 April 2020 (Viet Nam 1) responding to the CLCS Submission by the Government of Malaysia. Vietnam also submitted Communication dated 10 April 2020 (Viet Nam 2) responding to the previously reported Communications dated 6 March 2020 (Philippines 1 and 2). On the 17 April 2020 China submitted Communication dated 17 April 2020 (China) responding to Communications dated 10 April 2020 (Viet Nam 1 and 2), as well as the previously reported Communication dated 30 March 2020 (Viet Nam).

For further information see the previous posts (1) and (2) and here.

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