Author Archives: N.F. Coelho

7th GNLU International Maritime Academy 2018

The Gujarat National Law University in India will hold the 7th GNLU International Maritime Academy, 2018, from March 17 to 24, 2018. The theme of this edition is ‘Indian Ocean Region – Ports Security, Preventing, Reducing and Controlling – IUU Fishing and Marine Environment Pollution’.  This academy is designed to explore and assess the trajectory of law and policy affecting maritime commerce, maritime security, and marine environmental protection and resource conservation. The last date of registration is 15th February, 2018. The brochure and registration form are available here.

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IFLOS Summer Academy 2018

The 12th session of the IFLOS Summer Academy at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea will be held from 22 July to 17 August 2018. Applicants should hold a Master’s degree (LL.M. or equivalent) and have advanced knowledge of public international law, the law of the sea or maritime law. The deadline for the reception of applications is 30 April 2018 (postal). For more information, see here.

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I/A Court H.R.: Advisory Opinion on the Environment and Human Rights

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights (I/A Court H.R.) has issued an Advisory Opinion (OC-23/17) in the case “The Environment and Human Rights” on state obligations in relation to the environment, in the context of the protection and guarantee of the rights to life and to personal integrity. This Avisory Opinion was requested by Colombia with respect to the environmental risks caused by the construction, maintenance and expansion of canals for maritime navigation in the Caribbean region. The I/A Court H.R. declared that “the degradation of the environment may cause irreparable damages to human beings, a reason why a sound environment is a fundamental right for the existence of humankind”. The award (in Spanish) may be found here and a summary (also in Spanish) is available here.

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ILO: Code of Practice on safety and health in shipbuilding and ship repair reviewed

Representatives of governments and the social partners gathered at the International Labour Organization in Geneva on 22-26 January 2018 have adopted a revised code of practice on safety and health in shipbuilding and ship repair.  The new code reflects the many changes in the industry, including the use of robotic systems, over the last 43 years since an earlier code was adopted. It focuses on the need for a preventive approach based on occupational safety and health management systems, management of change and safe work plans among others. The draft code may be found here. An overview of the document provided by the NGO IndustriALL Global Union may be found here.

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Workshop: Human Rights and the Law of the Sea

The International Maritime Law Institute, in conjunction with the Stockton Center for International Law, U.S. Naval War College, will hold a workshop entitled “Human Rights and the Law of the Sea”. The event will be held in Malta on 13-14 February 2018. Issues to be discussed include responses to irregular maritime migration, maritime piracy, IUU fishing, and standards for the use of force at sea. More information is available here .

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ICJ: Maritime Delimitation in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua)

The International Court of Justice delivered its Judgment in the joined cases concerning Maritime Delimitation in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua) and Land Boundary in the Northern Part of Isla Portillos (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua). The first case was presented on 25 February 2014 and concerned the “establishment of single maritime boundaries between the two States in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, respectively, delimiting all the maritime areas appertaining to each of them, in accordance with the applicable rules and principles of international law”. In the Judgment, the Court determined the course of the single maritime boundaries between Costa Rica and Nicaragua in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean (see image below). The text of the Judgment may be found here. Costa Rica’s official statement (in Spanish) summing up the consequences of this decision may be found here.

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Sketch-map No. 13: Course of the maritime boundary (available here)

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USA/Russia: two-way routes in the Bering Strait and Bering Sea jointly proposed

The United States of America, together with the Russian Federation, have proposed a system of two-way routes for vessels to follow in the Bering Strait and Bering Sea. This joint proposal features the establishment of six two-way routes and six precautionary areas. The proposed two-way routes will be voluntary for all domestic and international ships. No additional aids to navigation are being proposed to mark the recommended two-way routes and the routing measures do not limit commercial fishing or subsistence activities. More information is available here

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