The Centre for Commercial Law Studies at Queen Mary University of London (United Kingdom) is looking to appoint a Lecturer or Senior Lecturer in Shipping Law. The selected applicant will be required to teach in the areas of shipping law. This includes ability to teach in Law of the Sea and Navigational Freedoms and Practice. Closing date for applications is 6 February 2021. More information is available here.
Author Archives: N.F. Coelho
The Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) reports that on 16 December 2020 the Republic of Costa Rica and the Republic of Ecuador jointly submitted information on the limits of the continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured in the Panama Basin. According to the submitting States, this is a partial submission. The consideration of the joint submission will be included in the provisional agenda of the fifty-fourth session of the CLCS. Upon completion of the consideration of the submission, the CLCS shall make recommendations. More information is available here.
United Kingdom charity Human Rights at Sea is recruiting New Members for its Board of Trustees. The role is for experienced and professional Trustees, which shall fill the remaining posts on the Board in preparation for international work in 2021 and beyond. The selected applicant is expected to be an “active ambassador” to the cause of defending human rights at sea. This is a pro bono role. More information is available here.
The Institute of International Legal Studies at the University of the Philippines (UP-IILS) accepts submissions of papers for the Asia-Pacific Journal of International Humanitarian Law (IHL). Research on Naval Warfare or on IHL and Law of the Sea is explicitly accepted. In order to qualify for submission, an article must either be authored by someone from, or based in, the Asia-Pacific region or, alternatively, be about the Asia-Pacific region. The deadline is 10 January 2021. More information is available here.
The Government of the United Kingdom (UK) has announced the creation of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) in the waters around its Overseas Territory of Tristan da Cunha (13 November 2020). This MPA is set to become the largest fully protected marine reserve in the Atlantic Ocean, at 687,000 square kilometres. The research leading to this declaration was supported by the UK’s Blue Belt Programme. More information is available here.
Associazione di Consulenza in Diritto del Mare (ASCOMARE) launched a call for papers for Volume I (“Law of the Sea and Definitions”) of its Yearbook on the Law of the Sea (YLoS). Contributions are sought in respect of articles examining the content and legal scope of undefined terms of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and other related instruments. The call also appreciates papers assessing the historical and evolutionary meaning of such terms against the backdrop of State practices and international case-law. Deadline for submission of abstracts is 30 January 2021. More information is available here.
The Southampton Marine and Maritime Institute (SMMI) at the University of Southampton (UK) seeks to recruit up to 3 future-looking visionary researchers with strong interests in the oceans and the desire and ability to undertake multidisciplinary research. Law is one of the possible fields for applicants. This is for a full time fixed term (2 years) position. Deadline for applications is 27 November 2020. More information is available here.
The Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) is hosting a webinar entitled “Strengthening Monitoring control and surveillance through a High Seas Treaty”. The event takes place 17 November 2020. Simultaneous Spanish-English interpretation will be available. Registration is open here.
The Government of Norway submit a proposal (6 November 2020) to ban ships from using heavy fuel oil (HFO) near Svalbard archipelago. The Ministry of Climate and the Environment aims to legislate a requirement for fuel for motor traffic at sea in the entire territorial waters of Svalbard. The provision is designed as a ban on using or having on board other petroleum-based fuel than natural gas and marine gas oil. A more detailed definition of natural gas and marine gas oil is proposed to be included in regulations on motor traffic on Svalbard. The proposal includes a transition period of two years for general cargo traffic to Longyearbyen and Barentsburg. The need for transitional arrangements will be reassessed after the ongoing consultation stage (see here, deadline 6 February 2021). More information is available here (in Norwegian).
The Centro de Estudos em Direito do Mar (CEDMAR) of the University of São Paulo (Brazil) is hosting the 5th Brazilian Congress on the Law of the Sea. The overarching theme of this event is “transdisciplinarity” and it will take place online on 26 – 28 November 2020 (in Portuguese). Registration is open here.
The CSHIPP – Clean Shipping Project Platform is hosting a webinar on international clean shipping policies. The webinar focuses on the impacts of the selected policies, the assessment of the technology-based options available for the shipping sector to comply with their targets, as well as the options of the international community to enforce the legislation in a way that ensures compliance, and the benefits of these environmental measures for air quality, water quality, and climate, including human health and well-being. The agenda of this event is available here. This event takes place on 27 of November 2020. Registration is open here.
Matrix Chambers and Fietta LLP are hosting an interdisciplinary panel discussion about marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction and recent developments. The panel will examine some of the key themes up for debate in the ongoing fourth session of the Intergovernmental Conference dedicated to the negotiation of a legally binding instrument under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction. This event takes place on 18 November 2020, and registration form is open here.
The House Natural Resources Committee of the United States House of Representatives has introduced on 20 October 2020 the Ocean-Based Climate Solutions Act (OBSCA). Bill text of the OBSCA can be viewed here, a section-by-section summary is here, and a fact sheet on the bill can be viewed here. Among other measures, the OBSCA establishes monitoring, reporting, and verification requirements of greenhouse gas emissions applicable “to all vessels of 5,000 gross tons or more calling at, leaving, or transiting between, or at berth at, ports in the United States, regardless of flag” (sections 1401-1402). More information on OBSCA is available here and here.
Closing date 13 December 2020 to apply for a doctoral fellowship at the Norwegian Centre for the Law of the Sea (NCLOS), Arctic University of Norway (Tromsø). NCLOS seeks candidates for one PhD position on either of these themes: law of the sea and space, ocean commons, sovereignty at sea and governance models. The primary objective of NCLOS is to assess how and to what extent the law of the sea and ocean governance foster or can foster resilient and sustainable oceans in light of the challenges to the oceans and the legal framework. The objective is to be addressed through analysing several hypotheses, including the contentions that the logic of sovereignty and common interests and the governance of oceans commons both need reassessment. This fellowship appointment is for a period of four years. More information is available here.
The World Maritime University (WMU)’s Journal of Maritime Affairs is launching a call for papers (CFP) entitled Beyond COVID-19: The Future of Maritime Transport. This special issue will focus on insights on maritime safety and security issues, the socio-economic and political impact of the crisis across the maritime sector, and in general the future of maritime transport beyond COVID-19. It will try to uncover measures and practices adopted as a reaction to the pandemic with a view to examining their success, extract lessons for future scenarios, identify gaps in COVID-19 response, and enhance the resilience of the maritime sector. The CFP adds that a variety of issues and topics can be examined in this special issue from the perspectives of how to restore, enhance and adjust the existing maritime legal framework to the situation created by the pandemic, how political approaches to global trade and business models are evolving in view of the challenges posed by COVID-19, and how UN SDGs can be advanced in this uncertain scenario. The CFP can be found here; the deadline for full paper submission is 30 November 2020.
Bangladesh has lodged an amended submission on the limits of its outer continental shelf in the Bay of Bengal to the United Nations (22 October 2020). The original submission to the CLCS was made on 25 February 2011. Subsequently, the maritime boundaries of Bangladesh with Myanmar and India were delimited in 2012 and 2014, through international adjudication process. The amended submission has been made to reflect the successful outcomes of those international processes. The press release from the Permanent Mission of Bangladesh to the United Nations is available here. The submission, as received by the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, is available here.
Closing date for applications is 21 February 2021 for two Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA) Excellence in Maritime Policy Postgraduate Scholarships at the University of Wollongong (Australia).
The AMSA Excellence in Maritime Studies Postgraduate Scholarship will be awarded to a student undertaking the Graduate Certificate in Maritime Studies, a program of study that will encourage the generation of solutions to problems relating to maritime law and policy.
The AMSA Excellence in Maritime Policy Postgraduate Scholarship will be awarded to a student undertaking the Master of Maritime Policy to analyse the legal, political and operational factors that contribute to the development of the law of the sea and maritime policy, with the aim of devising solutions to gaps in legal and policy frameworks.
More information is available here.
Deadline to submit applications is 31 July 2020 with the United Nations Development Programme for the Appointment of a Legal Expert (Law of the Sea) to Support the Joint Management Area (JMA) Demonstration Project Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) Phase II Process.
The JMA Demonstration project is assisting Mauritius and Seychelles in the development and demonstration of new management approaches for extended continental shelf areas, which can provide lessons and management techniques that could be replicated both within the western Indian Ocean and other similar maritime zones globally. The JMA covers an area of 396,000 sq. km extending seaward to the east beyond the existing EEZs of both coastal States and is the largest joint maritime zone in the world. More information is available here (Reference Number 67599).
The Center for Law, Energy & the Environment (CLEE) at University of California, Berkeley School of Law accepts applications for the position of Assistant/Associate Specialist on Climate & Ocean Research. The Climate & Ocean Law & Policy Fellow will work on domestic and international law and policy issues, roughly splitting their time between projects within the Climate Program and projects within the Ocean Program. Specific research areas will likely include: (1) on the climate side, work on California climate programs related to renewable energy, energy efficiency, energy storage and zero-emission transportation; (2) on the ocean side, domestic offshore renewable energy development, international ocean law issues including deep sea mining and marine scientific research; and (3) other potential energy and environmental issues.
Final date for applications is 27 July 2020, but next review date is 20 July 2020 to ensure full consideration by the committee. More information here.
The President of the United States of America issued Proclamation on Modifying The Northeast Canyons And Seamounts Marine National Monument (5 June 2020). This proclamation restores commercial fishing that is carried out in accordance with Magnuson-Stevens and other applicable laws, regulations, and requirements. It reverses restrictions on commercial fishing set forth in Proclamation 9496, which prohibited commercial fishing, with a phase-out period for American lobster and red crab fisheries, within the monument’s boundaries.
In Massachusetts Lobstermen’s Association v. Ross, the United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit (349 F.Supp.3d 48 (2018)), dismissed a complaint from several commercial-fishing associations that challenged the creation of the Monument (5 October 2018). The United States District Court, District of Columbia (9945 F.3d 535 (2019)) upheld that ruling (27 December 2019).
The new Proclamation may be found here.
Closing date for applications is 8 July 2020 with World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) for a marine policy officer vacancy based in Brussels (Belgium). The officer will ensure that there is a coordinated approach across the WWF European network to effectively influence and implement EU marine policies including the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), Maritime Spatial Planning Directive (MSP) Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), and International Ocean Governance. Further information is available here.
Closing date for applications is 12 July 2020 with Wageningen University & Research for an assistant professorship in Governance of Coastal Resilience. The position requires adapting to existing courses taught by the Environmental Policy Group in the Masters of Aquaculture and Marine Resources Management, Environmental Sciences, and Tourism, Society & Environment. Research activities should contribute to social scientific debates around policy and management of coastal environments and how they contribute to resilient coastal communities and industries under conditions of environmental globalisation. Further information is available here.
The Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) has published recommendations authorizing France to extend its continental shelf off the islands of La Réunion and Saint-Paul and Amsterdam. According to these recommendations, published on 10 June 2020, France may extend its continental shelf off the islands of La Réunion and Saint-Paul and Amsterdam (French Southern and Antarctic Lands). France will thus expand its submarine domain by 151,323 km2 (58,121 km2 off La Réunion and 93,202 km2 off Saint-Paul and Amsterdam). Further information is available here (in French).
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is hosting a webinar entitled Building Ambition for a new High Seas Treaty: Marine Genetic Resources. This is the first in a four part IUCN Webinar Series preparing for the Fourth Intergovernmental Conference for an international legally binding agreement on marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (IGC4).
This event is set to happen on 5 June 2020. Registration is possible here.
The Department of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines issued a statement (30 April 2020) contesting the so-called districts of “Nansha” and “Xisha” under the supposed administrative jurisdiction of its self-declared “Sansha City” announced on 18 April 2020 by the People’s Republic of China. According to this announcement by China, “the Xisha District of Sansha City has jurisdiction over the islands and reefs of the Xisha Islands and its sea areas, and is in charge of the islands and reefs of the Zhongsha Islands and its sea areas”. The statement from the Philippines is available here.
The United States of America also issued a statement (22 April 2020) describing China’s announcement as a “new unilateral announcement of administrative districts over disputed islands and maritime areas in the South China Sea”.
Closing date for applications is 17 June 2020 with the Université d’Angers (France) for a PhD position on the topic of prevention and resolution of conflicts of use in the law of the sea (La prévention et la résolution des conflits d’usage en droit de la mer). The position is based at the Centre Jean Bodin and the researcher is expected to join the ZOMAD (observatoire des zones maritimes disputées) research group.
The High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy (Ocean Panel) is hosting a webinar entitled Plastic as a Key to Addressing Ocean Pollution. The event is set to happen 27 May 2020 at 09:00 AM (BST). This event is part of the series of webinars featuring new scientific ‘Blue Papers’.
Registration and further information is available here.
The Government of Iceland in collaboration with the Nordic Council of Ministers is hosting the International Symposium on Plastics in the Arctic and Sub-Arctic Region, in connection with the Icelandic Chairmanship of the Arctic Council. The event takes place on September 28-30 2020 in Reykjavík (Iceland). The programme is available here. Registration is open until the Symposum date.
Closing date for applications is 10 July 2020 with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) for a PhD position on the New Arctic and Digital Ocean (NADO), an initiative associated with NTNU Oceans. The PhD candidate will collaborate on research that frames the “New Arctic”; one angle of research presented is “the geopolitics of polar militarism and international law”. More information is available here.
The United Kingdom published (April 2020) a Draft Working Text for a Fisheries Framework Agreement between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the European Union. The preamble of this document states that:
The UK proposal reflects the fact that, at the end of 2020, the UK will be an independent coastal State and will no longer be bound by the Common Fisheries Policy, and that the current arrangements on quota-sharing will end. In line with the UK’s commitment to best available science, future fishing opportunities should be based on the principle of zonal attachment. The UK proposal is based on relevant international precedents, including the EU’s separate fisheries agreements with other coastal states. Through this agreement, and the annual negotiations it provides for, the UK would fulfil its obligations under UNCLOS to cooperate with the EU on the sustainable management of shared stocks.
The document calls for “annual negotiations on fishing opportunities and access” (Article 2). It proposes that any vessels granted access to fish in the relevant waters must “obtain an authorisation and a licence” (Article 3.1) before commencing fishing operations and that “each Party shall manage its own fisheries independently and may take such measures in its relevant waters as it considers appropriate to ensure the rational and sustainable management of fisheries” (Article 4.1). The document is available here.
A Draft text of the Agreement on the New Partnership with the United Kingdom, which includes a chapter on fisheries, was published (18 March 2020) by the European Union. It is available here.
The MARIPOLDATA research group has launched a survey about the postponement of the negotiations towards a new treaty for the protection and sustainable use of marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ). The group seeks to learn about perceptions on the potential effects of the COVID-19 crisis on the BBNJ Treaty and, also, how this situation has changed people’s interest and involvement in the process. The survey is open until 17 May 2020 and can be found here.
CJEU: Case C-641/18 (LG and Others v Rina SpA and Ente Registro Italiano Navale) judgement delivered
The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) delivered judgment on Case C-641/18 (LG and Others v Rina SpA and Ente Registro Italiano Navale) on 7 May 2020. It was found that the victims of the sinking of a vessel, which sailed under the flag of Panama, may bring an action for damages before the Italian courts against the Italian organisations which classified and certified that vessel. Those organisations could rely on immunity from jurisdiction only in so far as their activities constituted an expression of the public powers of the Panamanian State.
The CJEU held, first, that an action for damages, brought against private-law corporations engaged in the classification and certification of ships on behalf of and upon delegation from a third State, falls within the concept of ‘civil and commercial matters’, within the meaning of Article 1(1) of Regulation No 44/2001 (‘the Brussels I Regulation’) and, therefore, within the scope of that regulation, provided that that classification and certification activity is not exercised under public powers, within the meaning of EU law. Secondly, the CJEU held that the principle of customary international law concerning immunity from jurisdiction does not preclude the national court seised from exercising the jurisdiction provided for by that regulation in a dispute relating to such an action, where that court finds that such corporations have not had recourse to public powers within the meaning of international law.
Deadline for applications is 5 June 2020 with the University of Eastern Finland (UEF) for a postdoctoral research position on adaptive governance of freshwaters. As climate change drives changing hydrological conditions and ecosystem change, research is needed to establish the key changes needed in current legal and governance arrangements (e.g. under the EU Water Framework Directive). Information on this position is available here.
Other postdoctoral research positions opened at the UEF with a possible legal angle (on recreational use/tourism relating to aquatic environments and on the effects of microplastics on aquatic ecosystems) are available here.
Closing date for applications is 1 June 2020 with the University of Washington (USA) for a Postdoctoral Research Scholarship about Equity and Justice in the ‘Blue Economy’. The position shall be based at the Ocean Nexus Center, EarthLab, as part of a new research program on ocean equity. The scholar is expected to work within a new team of transdisciplinary scholars investigating the relationships between people and the sea, with an explicit aim to address equity and justice issues in the emergent ‘blue economy’ agenda. More information is available here.
The World Economic Forum, in collaboration with the World Resources Institute, is hosting a global online conference for ocean action, the Virtual Ocean Dialogues. The event is scheduled to take place on 1-5 June 2020 as part of the Friends of Ocean Action. Priority topics to be covered include enabling a resilient ocean, how to stem the tide of marine pollution, sustainable food from the ocean, ocean data and science, marine protection and conservation of biodiversity, sustainably and equitably managing the high seas, ocean risk and more. Further information is available here.
Closing date for applications is 3 May 2020 for a doctoral fellowship at the Arctic University of Norway (Tromsø). This fellowship is part of the interdisciplinary project Novel Marine Resources for Food Security and Food Safety (SECURE). The objective of the project is to develop knowledge enabling sustainable food security and safety by a multidisciplinary approach based on novel marine low trophic level resources, cardiometabolic health and legal framework. The position is for a period of four years. More information is available here.
The Iranian Review for Law of the Sea and Maritime Policy has launched a call for papers. The journal is published bianually in English by the Imam Khomeini Maritime Sciences University and features articles in French in every volume. A wide range of topics within the wider Law of the Sea, Maritime Policy and Maritime Law and Regulation fields is welcome.
More information is available in the call.
Deadline for applications to the Course in Ocean Governance for Africa is 19 April 2020 with the International Ocean Institute. The course is intended for mid-career professionals, educators, researchers and civil society members that have coastal and marine related responsibilities, functions or interests, preferably from countries within the African region. The course outline includes the study of the governance framework, governance tools and governance in action in specific sectors. The course will be delivered in Cape Town (South Africa) between 7 September 2020 and 2 October 2020. The brochure and further information is available here.
Deadline for submission of papers (in French) is 1 June 2020 with the Centre d’Études et de Recherches Internationales et Communautaires (CERIC) and the Institut du droit économique de la mer (INDEMER) to a colloquium entitled Conflits d’usages en mer et droit de l’Union européenne (Conflicting uses of the sea and EU law). The event is set to happen 19-20 November 2020 at Aix-Marseille Université (France). More information is available here.
Closing date for applications is 20 March 2020 with the University of New South Wales (UNSW) Canberra (Australia) for a PhD scholarship on international law and technological change in relation to the use of Marine Autonomous Vehicles in the deep seabed mining regime being developed at the International Seabed Authority. The PhD research will form part of the Australian Research Council funded project “Improving International Law Regulation of Maritime Autonomous Vessels” (DP200102091). The candidate is expected to work with the Maritime Security Research Group. More information is available here.
Application deadline is 17 April 2020 with the University of Eastern Finland for the Course on Multilateral Environmental Agreements. This two-week course on international environmental law-making and diplomacy features the study of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW) among other instruments mentioned in the course programme. The course will take place 17-27 August 2020 at Joensuu, Finland, and is organized together with the the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). More information is available here.
Closing date for applications is 29 March 2020 for PhD scholarships at the World Maritime University on Marine Debris and Sargassum Threats in the Eastern Caribbean Region (“Closing the Circle” Programme). The research will focus on three interconnected, holistic and multidisciplinary research themes: 1) Science and technology; 2) Blue / Green Economics; and 3) Societal awareness. Adaptive marine spatial planning is considered as a cross-cutting theme for all of the research themes. The terms of reference are available here.
Deadline for submission of abstracts is 16 March 2020 with the European International Studies Association (EISA) for the 2020 Pan-European International Studies Conference. This year’s edition overarching theme is Power Politics of Nature, which features a thematic session entitled Politics of Ocean and Polar Regions. The session shall include panels on EU maritime security and governance, on the politics of global ocean waterways, on membership, authority and change in ocean governance institutions, and on the governance on regional marine ecosystems. The Conference takes place on 16-19 September 2020, at Msida, University of Malta. More information is available here.
Closing date for applications is 1 April 2020 for two doctoral fellowships at the Norwegian Centre for the Law of the Sea (NCLOS), Arctic University of Norway (Tromsø). Position #1 focuses on sovereignty and common interests: the candidate is expected to analyse how sovereignty and other derived concepts both obstruct and provide solutions to the challenges to the oceans and their governance. Position #2 focuses on the legal framework for oceans commons: the candidate is expected to discuss whether the Common Heritage of Mankind and freedoms of the high seas provide adequate basis for protecting the marine environment and whether they provide for equity and justice. More information is available here.
Closing date for applications is 29 February 2020 for two postdoctoral fellowships in ocean governance at the Stockholm Resilience Centre (SRC), Stockholm University (Sweden). The candidates are expected to contribute to two ongoing projects at the SRC: the Seafood Business for Ocean Stewardship initiative (SeaBOS) and the Ocean Risk and Resilience Action Alliance (ORRAA). The positions are for two years, full time. More information is available here.
Closing date for applications is 18 March 2020 for a PhD Research Fellowship at the Scandinavian Institute of Maritime Law, University of Oslo (Norway). The project designated for the PhD Research Fellow will be a part of and contribute towards the goals of the larger project Norwegian CCS Research Center (NCCS). The PhD Research Fellow will participate in a work package that aims to investigate legal issues related to the Carbon Capture and Storage value chain. The position is for three years, full time. More information is available here.
Japan has initiated a second World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute complaint regarding Korean support for shipbuilders. Japan has requested WTO dispute consultations with Korea regarding alleged subsidies provided by the Korean government to its shipbuilding industry. The request is the second filed by Japan concerning support measures for Korea’s shipbuilders. Japan initiated its first WTO complaint in November 2018.
Japan claims the challenged measures, which include funds, loans, guarantees, insurance and other financing, are inconsistent with the WTO’s Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (SCM Agreement) and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1994. Japan’s request was circulated to WTO members on 10 February 2020. This request for consultations is available here.
The ITLOS-Nippon Foundation Capacity-Building and Training Programme on Dispute Settlement under UNCLOS, July 2020 – March 2021, to be held at the seat of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (Hamburg, Germany), is welcoming applications until 3 April 2020.
The 14th session of the IFLOS Summer Academy ‘Promoting Ocean Governance and Peaceful Settlement of Disputes’ shall be held from 9 August to 4 September 2020. The event takes place at the seat of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS), in Hamburg (Germany).
Applicants should hold a Master’s degree (LL.M. or equivalent) and have advanced knowledge of public international law, the law of the sea or maritime law. The deadline for the reception of applications is 10 April 2020 (postal). For more information, see here.